Government infiltrating websites to ‘deny, disrupt, degrade, deceive’

According to some of the newest Edward Snowden leaks as reported on by Glenn Greenwald on Monday, government spies are infiltrating websites in an effort to persuade public opinion and discredit opposition.

The documents from the GCHQ (the British equivalent of the NSA), titled “The Art of Deception: Training for Online Covert Operations,” were given to the NSA and leaked by Snowden. They reveal that the GCHQ is involved, through a unit known as JTRIG (Joint Threat Research Intelligence Group), in “the monitoring of YouTube and Blogger, the targeting of Anonymous with the very same DDoS attacks they accuse ‘hacktivists’ of using, the use of ‘honey traps’ (luring people into compromising situations using sex) and destructive viruses.”

Further, according to Greenwald, “these agencies are attempting to control, infiltrate, manipulate, and warp online discourse, and in doing so, are compromising the integrity of the internet itself.”

The goals of the JTRIG program are “(1) to inject all sorts of false material onto the internet in order to destroy the reputation of its targets; and (2) to use social sciences and other techniques to manipulate online discourse and activism to generate outcomes it considers desirable.”

They do this through the use of several tactics, as listed by a slide from the documents: “Infiltration Operation,” “Ruse operation,” “Set Piece Operation,” “False Flag Operation,” “False Rescue Operation,” Disruption Operation” and “Sting Operation.”

Another slide lists ways to “discredit a target”: “Set up a honey-trap,” “Change their photos on social networking sites,” “Write a blog purporting to be one of their victims,” “Email/text their colleagues, neighbours, friends, etc.”

There’s also a slide on how to discredit a business: “Leak confidential information to companies/the press via blogs etc,” “Post negative information on appropriate forums,” “Stop deals/ruin business relationships.”

A further slide lists the definition of the effects of the agency’s activities: “Using online techniques to make something happen in the real or cyber world.” This includes two categories: “Information Ops (influence or disruption)” and “Technical disruption,” along with the four D’s: “Deny/Disrupt/Degrade/Deceive.”

Greenwald also points out that these tactics are not just used for counter-terrorism, but “against people suspected (but not charged or convicted) of ordinary crimes or, more broadly still, ‘hacktivism’, meaning those who use online protest activity for political ends.”

“The title page of one of these documents reflects the agency’s own awareness that it is ‘pushing the boundaries’ by using ‘cyber offensive’ techniques against people who have nothing to do with terrorism or national security threats, and indeed, centrally involves law enforcement agents who investigate ordinary crimes,” writes Greenwald.

While the idea that government has paid people, known as shills, to post in message boards and other websites in an effort to disrupt conversations has long been believed by conspiracy theorists, this would seem to confirm that it’s happening.

There have been similar reports in the past of the government attempting to influence public opinion through the Internet.

As Greenwald mentions in his article, Cass Sunstein, Obama’s former science czar, wrote in a paper that the government should employ people to “cognitively infiltrate” groups including “chat rooms, online social networks, or even real-space groups.” His main target was conspiracy theorists. He further proposed making it illegal to be a conspiracy theorist.

Why Handling Your Tooth Is Really Important

In addition to their performance for ingesting, your the teeth tend to be one thing individuals observe with regards to you. An excellent smile can placed other people confident and make your self-confidence. If you take proper care of your pearly whites, they may be an resource for life. Read these guidelines for the very best grin feasible.

Visit a number of dental workplaces, take a look at several locations initial. You can look at a dentistry institution when you are uninsured. Don’t neglect pearly whites for too much time and try going to a dental office 2 times every year.

Fluoride will make considerable strides within the upkeep of healthy, robust teeth. When your tap water doesn’t have fluoride, you do have a better chance of tooth decay. You might for example apply certain tooth paste that contains fluoride. Also, some mouth wash consists of flouride.

Obtain a tongue scraper and employ it every morning. This can clear your tongue and assist remove germs. Your tongue will feel great and your mouth area will not smell so poor. A mouth scraper is more effective than cleaning your mouth together with your tooth remember to brush, and takes less time too.

The tooth brush which you use is very important for proper dental hygiene. Try and choose a toothbrush which has smooth bristles. This will aid protect your gum line and can place them from internal bleeding. Also, search for a brush which has a tongue more clean so that you can have the ability to have the cleanest oral cavity achievable.

There are numerous elements that will wind up yellowing your tooth. Gourmet coffee, reddish wines and tobacco are some of the most common contributors. Should you just are unable to steer clear of these matters, you can consume your gourmet coffee and vino through a straw so that it fails to hit your teeth. Additionally it is useful to brush your tooth soon after smoking.

In the event you call for a stuffing in a number of of your respective teeth, choose intelligently. Teeth-coloured composite fillings are a stylish, discrete choice. However, this particular stuffing also happens to be significantly less durable than most steel tooth fillings. Metallic fillings may also be a much better option for bigger locations. Recall, appearance aren’t every thing!

Were you aware that the series that you try to eat your food products in can are involved in whether or not you produce cavities? Eating sugary food items like cake on your own is quite a bit more serious for your personal pearly whites, than by eating the cake after having a dish. Don’t consume sugary food items by itself, always try to eat them other foods.

Always rinse the mouth area out soon after each meal. Scrubbing your teeth right after each meal is perfect. Needless to say, lots of people have tasks and spots being. It isn’t usually easy to brush your tooth after consuming. In the event you can’t brush, wash. Rinsing will rid the mouth of some of the foods put aside and counteract pH degrees.

The following tips need to enable you to keep a fantastic laugh during your way of life. White-colored and healthier the teeth try taking some work, but there are numerous goods to assist you. To get more concepts, talk to your dental professional. Your dental professional will be the professional and is aware all the techniques and also hardwearing. the teeth seeking their best.